CultureDresses

Popular Kashmiri Traditional Wear

Centuries ago “Ameer-e-Khusroo” a Persian poet wrote a couplet about Kashmir.

“Agar firdaus bar roo-e zameen ast”
“Hameen ast-o hameen ast-o hameen ast”.
Translation:
“If there is a paradise on earth,
“It is this, it is this, it is this”.

The word Kashmir brings the heavenly feelings of natural beauty and greenery of the forests, the green meadows, green fields, and the hospitality of the people. We will be highlighting the aspect of the Kashmiri Traditional wear.

Kashmiri Traditional Dressing.

Traditional wear dates long back in the history of Kashmir. In 21st century the traditional wear has adopted many changes and has been modified as per the trend but still exists. Following are the important Kashmiri traditional wear by the people of the land.

1. Toupie (Male Skullcap)

Turbans were common among population but with new fashion trends turbans have been replaced by caps and designer trending headwear. Skull caps are most prevalent among the peasants and the old aged people. The most used headwear is known as “Karakuli” (made of leather from karakul breed of goats).

2. Head dress (Daejj/Kasaab)

Commonly worn headgear by Kashmiri women is locally known as “Daejj” ج ؑ د( ) and also Kashmiri women use a headwear locally known as the “Kasaab” (کَسابٕہ ). “Daejj” and “kasaab” in modern day have been replaced by fancy dupattas. The “Kasaab” is worn as like of a turban and is put together by hinged pins. In present era it has been replaced by fashionable headwear. The traditional headgears are made of fine wool and are thick keeping the women warm in the harsh winter climate of Kashmir.

3. Khandruss (Khan Dress)

A Traditional kurta and shalwar worn out by men is called the Khan Dress locally pronounced as “Khandruss”. In other parts of India, it is famously known as a “Pathani suit” is a traditionally worn Kashmiri outfit topped with a short “Sadri” (waist coat). Traditionally, the loose “Sutnas” (salwar’s) and “Chudidar” pajamas of the Punjab region became popular in Kashmir in early times. The Kashmiri “Sutna” (shalwar) is loose and is similar to the “Sutna” worn in the Jammu region by Dogra population. Some versions match with the shalwars worn in Afghanistan. However, from 1960s, the Parallel cut Punjabi Shalwar has gained popularity and represents modern day Khandruss (Khan Dress). The traditional Khandruss (Khan Dress) is still worn by the Gujjar population of the Jammu and Kashmir. In summers the younger women folks wear Shalwar-Kameez topped with dupattas over head. The older women give preference to their traditional wear and put clothes made in the typical Kashmiri style, they wear Kameez-Salwar topped by a light Pheran to cover their whole body for modesty and headwear locally known as Daejj (Head Scarf).

4. Pheran (پھؠرَن )

The traditional wearing garment for both male and female population of Kashmir. Pheran is believed to be derived from a Greek word “Apron”. Some believe that it got the name from Tajikistan as “Perabandh”. Most of the people believe that the word is from the Persian word “Perahan” which means shirt. The Pheran is a loose upper garment loosely gathered at the sleeves which tend to be wide. A Pheran made of wool is called a “Puott” (پوٹ ) in local language. The Pheran is a gown which hangs below the knees, worn with other clothes inside especially during cold season. The traditional Pheran have bottom side slits. According to various sources, introduction of the Pheran was done by Mughal emperor Akbar when he conquered the valley in 1586. During summer, the Pheran is made of cotton, but in winter, the Pheran is made of wool, or tweed, covering the whole body and protecting the body from the cold especially during rains and snowfall. Beautiful stylish embroideries or various flower styles made of thin metal threads of various colours and same kind of embroidery are popular of a Kashmiri ladies Pheran, locally known as “Tilleh Pheran” in Kashmiri language.

5. Khraaw

These are sandals made of wood, “Khraaw” was once the traditional footwear of Kashmir but with the modernization it has been replaced by the modern day footwear and is almost non-existent now.

6. Kashmiri Jewelry

The traditional Kashmiri jewelry is mystic and creative. Every piece of the jewelry worn out by women folks blends beautifully with the apparel which adds to the creativity and charming look of the outfit donned. Ornaments wore are made of gold and sometimes silver and are donned with precious stones or pearls. The known and frequently worn jewelry in Kashmir is

  •  “Daeka Tikka” worn on forehead. Now worn on special occasions like engagement ceremony, marriage.
  •  “Kana-Doour”: (ball shaped earrings), is an ornament often worn by married women.
  •  “Baali” (tops): an ornament often worn by young women.
  •  “Kana Vaeji”: donned with turquoise with a flounce of hanging gold leaves and balls.
  •  “Teili” (Nose Pin): Worn by Kashmiri female population. Mostly made of gold.

 

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Sartaj Ahmad
Hi, I am Sartaj Ahmad Bhat, I am a freelance: writer, analyst and online tutor. I am interested in writing about Politics, Relationships, Health & Hygiene, Religion, Education, Sports, and Travel. I am optimistic in nature. I love cricket and chess. I often go fishing in my spare time. I love cooking.

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4 Comments

  1. Masha allah amazing talents..

  2. Please write more about khraaw and it’s geographical significance.thank you!!

  3. Know for the scenic beauty, Jammu and Kashmir are one of the most beautiful places that you can come across. But it is not just the natural richness to enjoy but also the rich culture and tradition that is followed here which again, you may not see anywhere else. This type of amazing culture is unique and those tourists who plan to visit Jammu and Kashmir surely would get an eye treating experience to watch the locals following such tradition and culture gracefully.

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